China has succeeded in creating an artificial sun- a short lived one. Institute of Physical Science in Hefei is the place where the experiment took place.
The experiment was conducted in the doughnut-shaped chamber of a magnetic fusion reactor. The nuclear scientists during the course of the experiment heated the hydrogen up to a temperature of around 50 million degrees Celsius. The reactor which is known as the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), produced hydrogen plasma and maintained its temperature up to 102 seconds. Hydrogen plasma, it is to be noted, is the ionized gas consisting of approximately equal numbers of positively charged ions and negatively charged electrons.
The officials at EAST hope to approximate the solar nuclear fusion conditions, which occur deep inside the sun and convert hydrogen atoms into heavier ones, like Helium. In such fusion reaction some tiny portions of matter turn into massive amounts of energy through fusing Hydrogen nuclei together. The team, however, hasn’t achieved what they want to do. They must reach 100 million degrees Celsius and maintain it for over 1,000 seconds (some 17 minutes) to mimic solar nuclear fusion reaction and produce controlled energy. If they succeed in doing so, it may pave the way for a migration from depleting natural reserves towards more stable, sustainable, and controllable energy resources.